They use bright colours like red and yellow. Indo-Islamic architecture begins with the Ghurid occupation of India at the close of the 12 century A.D. There is a fairly large number of portraits of the Jaipur rulers; 6. The Muslims having inherited a wealth of varied designs from Sassanian and Byzantine empires and being naturally endowed with good taste for buildings, never failed to adapt to their own requirements the indigenous architecture of almost every foreign country that they conquered. Amber-Jaipur School of Painting. • Paintings in India was started in the ancient period, since the pre-historic era. However, at the same time, the bold compositions and use of abstractions reflected regional characteristics. Very much akin to the Bundi style; Themes of tiger and bear hunt were very popular at Kotah. ; The scientific study of rocks is called petrology. The 18th and early 19th century saw Rajput paintings illustrating episodes from the life of Krishna. Marwar School of Painting MARWAR. executed in a primitive and vigorous folk style; completely uninfluenced by the Mughal style. • The rocks have been painted by the cave dwellers to satisfy their aesthetic sensitivity and creative urge. Each Rajputana kingdom evolved a distinct style, but with certain common features. 5. ; Based on the mode of formation three major groups of rocks … AMBER – JAIPUR. Feldspar and quartz are the most common minerals found in rocks. Even though some of the menfolk are shown wearing Mughal style clothing and headgear, the overall finish of the paintings is folk-styled. Also called the ‘Dhundar’ school and their earliest evidence come from the wall paintings at Bairat in Rajasthan. d) Both a and b. Ans: D. Explanation: In the eighteenth century, Jai rulers constructed palaces at Bharatpur and Deeg, while Maharaja Jai Singh founded the city of Jaipur. The paintings of Amber and Jaipur show strong Mughal influence. Most of the space is occupied by the hilly jungle which has been rendered with a unique charm. b) Man Mandir Ghat of Banaras was originally built by Raja Man Singh of Amber. AMBER – JAIPUR this school of painting originated at Amber but later shifted to Jaipur, the new capital. MARWAR executed in a primitive and vigorous folk style completely uninfluenced by the Mughal style. Text of the painting is written in black on the top against the yellow ground. Rocks are an aggregate of one or more minerals held together by chemical bonds. c) The Mughal school of painting began with Jahangir. There is a fairly large number of portraits of the Jaipur rulers 6. Rajasthani Painting: AMBER – JAIPUR. Indian Paintings PAINTINGS • Painting is one of the most delicate forms of art giving expression to human thoughts and feelings through the medium of line and colour. This course is about Rajasthani paintings. Rajput painting, also called Rajasthani painting, evolved and flourished in the royal courts of Rajputana in India. Rajput paintings depict a number of themes, events of epics like the Ramayana. This school of painting originated at Amber but later shifted to Jaipur, the new capital. Rajasthani Painting: KOTAH. Rajasthani School of painting is marked by bold drawing vibrant colours. Dhundar School: Amber, Jaipur, Sehkhawati and Uniara styles Pahari School Himachal (kangra & Kullu) & Jammu and Kashmir Rajasthani Painting: MEWAR Drawing is bold and the colours are bright and contrasting. Its main centres are Mewar, Marwar, Kishangarh, Bundi, Jaipur etc. Hadoti school of painting: It included Kota, Bundi and Jhalawar styles Dhundar school of painting: It included Amber, Jaipur, Shekhawati and Uniara styles The above four schools were greatly shaped by the Mughal connection, which started when Raja Bharmal of Amber gave his daughter Jodha to Akbar in 1562. 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