All individuals and their affiliations were current at the time of contribution. Perhaps, this view is in contrast to the non-linear or rather the organic view which was put forth by historian and philosopher Oswald Spengler. world while weakening Asian states. ↑ Alexander the Great and the Logistics of the Macedonian Army, (1976) Donald W. Engels, Chapter 1. THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK. Ieyasu achieved hegemony over the entire country by balancing the power of potentially hostile domains with strategically placed allies and collateral houses. Period of Great Peace Change in Samurai role; period of time in Japan in which everything was stable and peaceful Tokugawa Shogunate -semi-feudal government of Japan in which one of the shoguns unified the country under his family's rule. Concepts 3.1, 3.2, and 4.1 in the AP World History Curriculum Framework, the historical reasoning skill of Contextualization, and the disciplinary practice of Analyzing Historical Evidence (secondary sources). Score: 3 . Sample: 1A . Literally, great name(s). Japanese warlords and great landowners, whose armed samurai gave them control of the Japanese islands from the eighth to the later nineteenth century. Examples of responses to part (b) that would earn credit: The Crusades were a series of religious wars between Christians and Muslims started primarily to secure control of holy sites considered sacred by both groups. A long period of peace between Parthia and Rome ensued, with only the invasion of Alans into Parthia's eastern territories around 72 AD mentioned by Roman historians. a) The response earned 1 point for identifying the fact that the Mongols facilitated the spread of gunpowder. Under the Tokugawa Shogunate they were subordinated to the imperial government. Tokugawa period (1603–1867), the final period of traditional Japan, a time of peace, stability, and growth under the shogunate founded by Tokugawa Ieyasu. ↑ The Archaeology of Early Historic South Asia: The Emergence of Cities and States (1995) F. R. Allchin, George Erdosy, p. 306. AP World History Chapter 19 Vocab Abd Al-Hamid II: Ottoman sultan (r.1876-1909) who accepted a reform constitution but then quickly suppressed it, ruling as a reactionary autocrat for the rest of his long reign. • The Mughal Empire’s grant of the tax revenues to Great Britain , as shown in the image, was ultimately the result of Great Britain defeating European rivals such as France and the Netherlands to become the dominant power in South Asia. Boxer Rebellion: Rising of Chinese militia organizations in 1900 in which large numbers of Europeans and Chinese Christians were killed. The AP World History: Modern Exam will test your understanding of the historical concepts covered in the course units, as well as your ability to analyze primary and secondary sources and identify patterns and connections that can support a historical interpretation. The Ottoman Empire, an Islamic superpower, ruled much of the Middle East, North Africa and Eastern Europe between the 14th and early 20th centuries. The modern world history, the modern era or the modern period is the global, linear, historical-geographical approach to the time frame that comes post the classical history. 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