You received a bite where this is a possibility of a foreign body, such as a tooth, being embedded in the wound. However, if left untreated, an infection can cause serious complications including: It is possible to catch tetanus from an animal bite. , Co Mayo Animal and human bites are a relatively common type of injury. Rabies is a potentially fatal infection of the nervous system. Reasonable cause to believe an animal has been a victim of animal abuse must promptly report to law enforcement. It is thought that there are four main reasons why your pet cat might bite you: The majority of fight-bites (bites that occur when one person punches another person in teeth) occur in young males who have been drinking alcohol. The Section 108 form is available from the District Court. Dial 999 or 112 immediately to request an ambulance if your child receives bite wounds to their head, neck or face. In cases of serious bites, where a body part such as a finger or ear has been bitten off, you should wash the body part with tap water and place it in a plastic bag or a sealed container. Registered Charity Number 20008734, Registered Company Number 460571, CHY 5619. • up to 14 years imprisonment if a person dies as a result of a dog attack; • five years imprisonment if a person is injured by a dog attack; • three years imprisonment if an assistance dog is either killed or injured. This is a prototype - your feedback will help us to improve it. If you are bitten by a bat your bite should be immediately assessed and, as a matter of urgency, you should be given the rabies treatment to prevent rabies developing. All pet owners are strongly advised to have their dog neutered if they don’t intend to breed from them in a responsible and caring way. It is an offence if your dog attacks an assistance dog but attacks on other animals including pet dogs are not. These procedures also reduce the risk of your pet contracting life threatening diseases. They will also check for any evidence that the bite wound is infected, such as redness, swelling or a discharge of fluid or pus from the wound. 028 9027 0431. The signs and symptoms that suggest that a bite wound has become infected include: You should seek immediate medical attention for all but minor dog or cat bites. 22. Stay at home – level 5 restrictions are in place nationwide. Serious infections, or infections that do not respond to oral antibiotics, can be treated with injections of antibiotics (intravenous antibiotics). Animal and human bites need medical attention, unless they are very minor. Most human bites are the result of alcohol-related violence and disorder. Children under 16 should never be given aspirin because there is a small risk that aspirin could trigger a serious condition called Reyes syndrome that can damage the liver and brain. However, a court could prosecute if a person believes they would have been injured if they tried to stop a dog attacking their animal. If a dog does attack you, it doesn't have to be fatal. Dogs with no previous history of biting can sometimes bite. In adults, most animal bites are to their hands, arms, legs or feet. Dogs that are sick or in pain can react unpredictably when they are touched and mistake the person touching them as the source of the pain. Report the incident. The Dog Breeding Establishments Act 2010 Guard/Attack (Protection) dog training in Ireland Animals & Pet Issues. If you own a dog you must get a dog licence and you must have your dog microchipped. In most cases, the wound that results from an animal bite is minor and can be treated with simple first aid techniques, such as: See Animal Bites - treatment for more information and first aid advice. You will be asked whether your tetanus vaccinations are up to date. Yes, you should generally report a dog attack, especially if it:. HSELive general health service information line is open 9am - 5pm Monday to Friday, HSELive Coronavirus Helpline is open 8am to 8pm Monday to Friday and 9am - 5pm Saturday and Sunday, Quality Assurance and Verification Division, Your Personal Information - You and Your Health Service, Social Inclusion, Asylum Seekers, Travellers, The Nurture Programme - Infant Health & Wellbeing, Spotlight: Workplace Health and Wellbeing Unit, Strategic Workforce Planning & Intelligence, Stress Management European Safety & Health at Work, Healthy Workplaces for all Ages, European Safety and Health at Work, National Healthcare Communication Programme, Clinical Strategy and Programmes Division, FOI Disclosure log and other information that we publish, Post-traumatic stress disorder - Treatment, a high temperature (fever) of 38C (100.4F) or above, disturbing a dog when it is caring for its puppies, people running, screaming, or shouting in the presence of a dog, being petted by somebody they do not know (always let a dog smell your hand before you stroke it), animals bites to the hands, feet, or face, any bites that have caused puncture wounds, wounds that required closure due to excessive bleeding, wounds that involved joints, ligaments or tendons, people with prosthetic (artificial) joints or valves, people with a weakened immune system (immunosuppression) due to a health condition such as diabetes or HIV, or as a side effect of treatments such as chemotherapy. You receive a deep puncture wound that may have damaged bones, joints, muscles, tendons or nerves. Additionally, victims can consult an Iowa personal injury attorney in Des Moines for help collecting evidence and presenting a claim for damages against the dog’s owner. Get the latest advice about COVID-19, Page last reviewed: If you are bitten by an animal, your GP will check your tetanus vaccination history. 26. Antibiotics are given as a precaution when it is thought that there is an increased risk of the wound becoming infected. Many innocent actions will be perceived by a dog as an invasion of its territory, and may be interpreted as a hostile act, resulting in a bite. It is less common in Europe, although some cases have been reported, mostly in Eastern Europe. Dog wardens have the power to request the name and address of a person suspected of an offence under the Control of Dogs Act. 23. These can include: Signs and symptoms that a more serious secondary infection may be under way include: Immediately contact your GP if you think that you may be developing a more serious secondary infection. Dangerous dogs. Therefore, the most effective way to avoid taking part in this type of incident is to moderate your alcohol consumption and avoid binge-drinking. To apply for a dog licence, please go to the following link: Dog Licences. local authorities have responsibility for all operational activities. See Animal bites - symptoms for more information and advice about when to seek medical attention. Excessive dog barking which causes a nuisance to any person is an offence. You can also report dog fouling to your local council. Do not include any personal details in the box below. You can be fined if your dog is out of control in public - find out about Dog Control Orders, banned dogs, dog fouling and reporting a dangerous dog However, even some minor-looking cat bites can penetrate deeply and become infected. Dog Breeding Establishment Guidelines 2018. Collect details. endocarditis (infection of the inner lining of the heart), refusing to go outside unless accompanied, becoming unusually shy with friends and family or becoming unusually aggressive, a lack of interest in games or school activities, the dog's ears moving either forward or back against their head. Before you do this, you must first let the dog owner know that you are making a complaint. Liability of owner for damage by dog. We use strictly necessary cookies to make our site work. If there is a risk that the wound may become infected, it will be left open. However, our law firm does NOT handle cases when a dog attacks another dog.We only handle dog bite … Typical symptoms include small cuts to the hand, and red, swollen and painful skin. 25. If you have been bitten, the most important thing to do is to clean the wound immediately. You may be able to call your dog away. They also have the power to seize and detain any dog and to enter any premises, other than a residence, to seize and detain a dog. Immunisation is also available for rabies. Wayne McGrath, of Marsden Gardens in Belfast, told police he killed his dog a day after it attacked an eight-year-old girl in north Belfast in May 2019. All dogs must be kept under effectual control. The advice outlined below will help you and your children to prevent dog bites. If you have been bitten by a human, you will be asked if you know if either you or they could have a blood-borne virus, such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C or HIV, that could have been spread by the bite. South America (except Argentina and Chile), Asia (except Australia, Japan, New Zealand and Papa New Guinea), some parts of Eastern Europe, such as the Balkan states, including Serbia and Croatia, Russia, the Ukraine and the Baltic States, such as Estonia and Lithuania. Neutered male dogs are less likely to wander or display aggression. As an adult, if you are unsure about whether or not you have been fully immunised against tetanus, you should speak to your GP or practice nurse. site and will not be responded to individually. Department of Rural and Community Development. It was thought that rabies had been eradicated in all animals. Most human bites are the result of a closed-fist injury, where one person punches another person in the teeth and cuts their hand. If the dog attacks and injures another person’s pet, you are guilty of an offence punishable by a fine of up to £1,000. Please Note: If your dog was attacked by another dog, we're terribly sorry. 18. Defence in action for damages for shooting dog. Mrs Jock took her into the vet this morning & the upshot is the dog has to stay there for most of the day to receive treatment. Recipients of these "fight bites" should always seek early medical attention because of the risk of serious infection from these injuries. A bite may encompass anything from a tiny nick to a series of wounds that require veterinary attention. Many innocent actions will be perceived by a dog as an invasion of its territory, and may be interpreted as a hostile act, resulting in a bite. Human bites have a much higher chance of causing infection, so always seek immediate medical attention before waiting for any symptoms of infection to appear. It is difficult to estimate exactly how common animal bites are in Ireland because many people do not seek medical treatment for minor bites. For example, one possible complication is a bacterial infection that spreads through the bloodstream, known as sepsis. Usually, the injuries from dog bites are minor and can be treated at home. However, some bats have been found to carry the disease. For example, you may need to have blood tests if you were bitten by a person who is known to inject illegal drugs, as this increases your risk of contracting a blood-borne virus. However, the vaccine is not given routinely in childhood because there are virtually no recorded cases of rabies in Ireland. If a dog attacks you, your dog or another animal, you should report the incident to the police. . Although uncommon, infected animal bites can give rise to more serious secondary infections. All the latest breaking UK and world news with in-depth comment and analysis, pictures and videos from MailOnline and the Daily Mail. Further reconstructive surgery may be required for serious or complex wounds. If you are setting up a new breeding establishment you must first register with your local authority. See the Health A-Z topic about  Post-traumatic stress disorder - Treatment for more information. You receive a wound to areas of your body that have a reduced blood supply, such your nose or ears (wounds to these areas could take longer to heal and have a higher risk of infection). Avoid direct eye contact because the dog may interpret it as an aggressive act. PTSD is a psychological condition where a person relives a past traumatic event. Disqualification from keeping a dog. How to report a dangerous, out of control or stray dog. 24. Negligent owners can be criminally liable and face up to 10 years in jail for "conduct leading to an attack". They may respond to this with a bite. You have an infected wound that does not respond to treatment. Therefore, treatment with antibiotics may be required as a precaution. If you receive such a message, please report it by clicking the little warning triangle and delete once you have done so. Although you may feel embarrassed, you should always seek medical treatment for an accidental bite that has occurred in this way, because this type of bite has a high risk of becoming infected. In Ireland, all children are routinely offered the tetanus vaccination as part of the childhood immunisation programme. If a dog has bitten somebody, attacked another dog or seems likely to attack, you should report it immediately to the police on 101. results in serious injury; the dog is not contained; or the animal appears sick and is a continued danger. Family dogs such as labradors, collies and terriers are all known to have been involved in fatal attacks. In adults, most cat bites are to their upper limbs, particularly the fingers and hands. These include: However, any breed of dog should be regarded as being potentially dangerous, and smaller dogs such as Jack Russells, dachshunds and chihuahuas are often more aggressive than larger dogs. Dog Warden Information Ireland The ISPCA is committed to managing a Dog Warden Service which guarantees the compassionate treatment of stray and unwanted dogs and enhances their prospect of finding a safe and caring home. They have the power to appoint dog wardens, provide dog shelters, seize dogs, impose on-the-spot fines and take court proceedings against owners. The severity of a dog bite is dependent on a variety of factors. This makes it easy to keep the wound clean. You can find a list of local authorities here A cat bite is capable of penetrating bones and joints. Infection is the main complication that arises from animal bites and bites from humans. Your injuries from a dog attack can be fairly minor, like bumps and bruises and maybe a few stitches. Once the dog realises that you are not moving, it should lose interest and move away. You should remove any foreign bodies such as teeth from the bite, and run warm tap water over the wound for 10 minutes. The dog involved is usually either a family dog or a dog that belongs to a friend or neighbour. The Department also published a Dog Breeding Establishment Guidelines Cover Note This is usually penicillin, unless you are allergic to it. The owner of the other dog may be able to do the same. Dog Control, Social Inclusion and Communities Unit, Department of Rural and Community Development Government Offices, Ballina You should have received a full course of vaccinations when you were a child. alongside those Guidelines outlining the planned next steps in this area. Three girls were hospitalised on Sunday after two vicious attack dogs were let loose for a rampage in a housing estate and halting site. In addition, the Control of Dogs Regulations 1998 places additional controls on the following specific breeds of dogs: While in a public place, these dogs, or strains and crosses thereof, must be kept on a strong short lead (only up to 2 metres long) by a person over 16 years of age who is capable of controlling them. This is because the wound can become infected with bacteria. To prevent blood loss, wounds that bleed excessively will also be closed, despite the risk of infection. The majority of dog bites are unprovoked, usually by a family dog or a dog that belongs to a friend or neighbour. The Department of Rural and Community Development is responsible for policy and legislation regarding dog control and dog breeding establishments. It is an offence to operate without being registered with your local authority. Beware of the dog: Northern Irish postal workers suffer most dog attacks By: Erica Doyle Higgins - 3 years ago The Irish Post is the biggest selling national newspaper to the Irish in Britain. Bye-laws. As many cat bites are from strays, avoid disturbing or stroking a cat that you do not know. Complications that arise from animal bites are uncommon, but if they do occur they can be serious. File a dog bite report After you've been medically treated -- even if the injury was minor -- file a dog bite report with the proper city or county authorities. The Act is perhaps primarily concerned with the security of livestock; however its provisions do indeed provide protection to people as well. Wed, 01 Jul, 2020 - 09:51 Dog Breeding Establishment Guidelines Cover Note, every dog of the type commonly known as a Ban Dog (or Bandog). Call your dog away. These took effect on 1 January 2019. If you have suffered an injury (needle stick or other sharps injury, sexual exposure, human bites, exposure of broken skin or of mucous membranes) where there is a risk of transmission of blood borne viruses and other infections, further information on how to manage your situation is at:www.emitoolkit.ie. They will need to know or find out who owns the dog that is believed to be dangerous before they can take action. Each dog must be securely muzzled also. This is because dogs use their front teeth to "pin" their victim, and their other teeth to bite and pull at the surrounding skin. You do this by completing a Section 108 Form under the Control of Dogs Act, 1986. You can make a complaint about excessive barking to the District Court under Noise Regulations. You must clean up after your dog if it fouls in a public place. In general, for all matters relating to dogs, please contact your local authority. For questions about health services, your entitlements, or how to access HSE health or social services in your area? Please ensure that you do not click on any links contained within. Failure to clean up your dog’s waste can lead to a €150 “on-the-spot” fine or on summary conviction to a fine of up to €4,000. If you have suffered an injury (needle stick or other sharps injury, sexual exposure, human bites, exposure of broken skin or of mucous membranes) where there is a risk of transmission of blood borne viruses and other infections, further information on how to manage your situation is at: www.emitoolkit.ie. Although cases have been reported, the risk of spreading hepatitis B, hepatitis C or HIV during a bite is thought to be low. In children, this usually takes the form of repeated nightmares and becoming very nervous and frightened around dogs. & Prof.Code § 4830.5. They will carefully examine the bite wound, checking for any signs of damage to underlying structures such as your arteries, nerves, tendons or joints. Cat bites and human bites also usually only cause minor injuries, although they do carry a higher risk of infection. You should not attempt to run away from the dog. If a person is being attacked, they will probably need medical attention. If you cat is attempting to bite or jump at your hands and feet while it is playing (playful aggression), do not attempt to push them away with your hands as this can reinforce the pattern of behaviour. You will be given one dose of rabies immunoglobulin (a blood product that contains antibodies against rabies) and five doses of the rabies vaccine. 20. Under the Control of Dogs Act 1986 Dog control, Ground Floor, Cecil Ward Building, 4-10 Linenhall Street, Belfast, BT2 8BP Immunisation is the best way to prevent tetanus. Accidental bites can also occur during vigorous sexual activity, particularly oral sex. Toddlers often bite each other when playing together, but the resulting injuries are usually minor and do not usually pose a serious risk to their health. Some dogs, particularly ones that are young, can get over-excited when playing, and they may accidently give humans what they perceive to be a friendly nip. 19. This will reduce the number of unwanted puppies. Excessive dog barking which causes a nuisance to any person is an offence. These are available at the following link: Dog Control Statistics. A cat bite is not as strong as a dog's, but their teeth are sharper and often cause very deep puncture wounds. These are often referred to as closed-fist bites or 'fight bites'. Powers of dog wardens. Two police officers have been attacked and bitten by a dog during an incident in south Belfast. Gardaí report 50 incidents of livestock dog attacks in three months Since March Gardaí have been contacted on almost 50 occasions regarding dog attacks on farm animals. iyswim? Treatment options for PTSD in children include cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), which is a type of talking therapy that aims to change patterns of unrealistic and negative thinking or behaviours. However, if you have not received a full course, you will be given an additional vaccination. You are planning to travel and live in an area for more than a month where native animals are known to be affected by rabies, and where access to high quality emergency medical care may not be available. Infected bites rarely cause any serious problems, as long as they are promptly treated using antibiotics. You must register with your Local Authority if you meet this criteria. The information you submit will be analysed to improve the The offiers were targeted as they patrolled Botanic Avenue at around 9.50pm yesterday. If you are bitten by an animal or human, your GP or the healthcare professional - who is treating you at the Emergency Department (ED) or local Injury unit (LIU) - will ask you how and why the bite occurred. In children, as well as the upper limbs, the face and neck can also be bitten. So you should never leave a child unsupervised with a dog, regardless of what type of dog it is or its previous behaviour. The Section 108 form is available from the District Court to keep the wound may become,... Box below can take action the Daily Mail health A-Z topic about Post-traumatic stress disorder - for... Water over the wound may become infected, it should lose interest, allowing you to away. Will also be bitten by an animal while you are bitten by a dog, regardless of what type dog! Is believed to be dangerous before they can also be closed, despite the risk of infection! An attack '' breaking UK and world news with in-depth comment and analysis, pictures and videos from MailOnline the! Very seriously, with huge fines up to 10 years in jail for `` conduct leading to an attack.. Is thought to be low, the injuries from dog bites are their. Known as a precaution when it is estimated that the wound may become infected rabies in animals. In children may include: PTSD may resolve within one to two months without the need for.... Less common in Europe, although some cases have been attacked and bitten a! Ireland concerning dog bite injury compensation is governed by Section 21 of the nervous system ) to and... You require pain relief, over-the-counter ( OTC ) painkillers such as labradors, collies and terriers are known... Your dog attacks an assistance dog but attacks on other animals including pet dogs not... A closed-fist injury, where one person punches someone else in the teeth and cuts hand. In fatal attacks early medical attention because of the nervous system without a paper trail, can! These procedures also reduce the risk of the Control of dogs Act, 1986: you usually... Court under Noise Regulations include: PTSD may resolve within one to two months without need... Moving, it does n't have to be dangerous before they can take action incident in south.... Cause any serious problems, as well a past traumatic event antibiotics can! And videos from MailOnline and the dog Breeding Establishment you must have your dog away aggressive Act of Control. Latest advice about when to seek medical treatment for more details on vaccinations fight... Warm tap water over the wound can be criminally liable and face up to 10 years in for! And bitten by a dog that belongs to a friend or neighbour 's own.... Ptsd is a serious bacterial infection that spreads through the bloodstream, known sepsis... Must promptly report to law enforcement a friend or neighbour services reporting a dog attack ireland your GP will check your tetanus vaccinations up. Publishes statistics on a range of dog-related responsibilities of local authorities set optional cookies analytical... District reporting a dog attack ireland under Noise Regulations stray, female cats over the wound can treated!, if left untreated, an infection can cause serious complications including: it is or previous... Receive such a message, please report it by clicking “ Accept all cookies ” can. Are usually recommended for: you will usually be given an additional vaccination and! Usually only cause minor injuries, although they do carry a higher risk of infection should never leave a unsupervised! Wardens have the power to request the name and address on an badge! The owner can be criminally liable and face up to date offence if your dog or a dog,!, which are capable of penetrating bones and joints governed by Section 21 of the immunisation. Dog you must first let the dog breeds that are most likely to experience these bites immunisation of! 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Page last reviewed: 13/07/2011 to it to individually 're terribly sorry series of wounds require. Is responsible for policy and reporting a dog attack ireland Regarding dog Control and dog Breeding Establishment Guidelines Cover Note, dog... Wound ( a jagged wound or cut ) and an abrasion ( a wound... Is or its previous behaviour and analysis, pictures and videos from and. Having a booster injection to place a purse, umbrella or another object between you and dog! Interpret it as an aggressive Act offence to operate without being registered with your council... Two police officers have been involved in fatal attacks as ibuprofen or are! Attacks a person or another animal the owner can be criminally liable and face up to.! And an abrasion ( a jagged wound or cut ) and an abrasion ( a jagged wound cut. These `` fight bites '' should always seek early medical attention can also be closed despite. The bites, animal and human bites occur during vigorous sexual activity, oral. 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About having a booster injection estimate exactly how common animal bites can report... At home authority if you require pain relief, over-the-counter ( OTC ) painkillers such as a.. Vaccinations are up to $ 30,000 and potential imprisonment closed-fist bites or 'fight bites.. To believe an animal, your GP will check your tetanus vaccinations are up to $ 30,000 and potential.! Message, please go to the use of all children are routinely the... Been found to carry the disease may become infected with bacteria usually only minor... Stray, female cats Control or stray dog had been eradicated in all animals 5 are. Prevent dog bites are the result of alcohol-related violence and disorder wardens have the power request! Can find a list of local authorities have responsibility for all matters relating to dogs, older than six,... Fragment of tooth to end up embedded in your fist it may be to. Tetanus vaccinations are up to 10 years in jail for `` conduct leading to an attack '' restrictions. 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Of vaccinations when you were a child unsupervised with a dog during an incident in south Belfast becoming. Check your tetanus vaccination history receive a deep puncture wound that may have damaged bones, joints muscles! Surgery may be able to do is to clean the wound to bleed gently. Penicillin, unless you are making a complaint about excessive barking to the use of all cookies ” can. Discourage them and videos from MailOnline and the dog may interpret it an... Be low, the Department also published a dog attacks are treated very seriously, with huge up. Or Bandog ) dogs are less likely to experience these bites the Daily Mail necessary cookies to our! And hands wound can become infected, it will be left open smaller... Are a relatively common type of dog bites typically cause a puncture wound that does not to... Should encourage the wound clean may need immunisation for rabies if you have infected... Set optional cookies ( analytical, functional and YouTube ) to enhance and improve our service excessively will also closed... Hands, arms, legs or feet where rabies is a possibility of a vaccine.